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COP21/CMP11: The UN Conference on Climate Change
November 30, 2015 - December 11, 2015
WHAT IS COP21/CMP11?
In 2015, France will be hosting and presiding the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21/CMP11), otherwise known as “Paris 2015” from November 30th to December 11th. COP21 will be a crucial conference, as it needs to achieve a new international agreement on the climate, applicable to all countries, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2°C. France will therefore be playing a leading international role to ensure points of view converge and to facilitate the search for consensus by the United Nations, as well as within the European Union, which has a major role in climate negotiations.
COP21 MAIN ISSUES
The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP21, will be held from November the 30th to December the 11th, 2015 on the Paris-Le Bourget site, bringing together around 40,000 participants in total – delegates representing each country, observers, and civil society members. It is the largest diplomatic event ever hosted by France and one of the largest climate conferences ever organized.
WHO IS ATTENDING?
There is no charge for admission to the Paris-Le Bourget Conference Centre, but it is not open to everyone: it can only be accessed by COP21 participants who are formally accredited by the United Nations.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND DECISIONS
The scale of international climate change negotiations has grown constantly since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. After the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol in 2005, a longer-term vision took hold with the Bali Action Plan in 2007 and then the validation at Copenhagen in 2009 of a common goal of limiting global warming to 2°C. In 2010, the Cancun Conference enabled us to make this goal effective through the creation of dedicated institutions for key points, including those for adaptation, the Green Climate Fund and the Technology Mechanism.
The will to act together and to keep within the +2°C limit led to the creation of theDurban Platform (ADP) , with the role of bringing together all developed and developing countries to work on a “protocol, legal instrument or agreed outcome with legal force”, applicable to all parties to the UN Framework Agreement on Climate Change. The “new instrument” will have to be adopted in 2015 and implemented from 2020, and that is the goal of the 2015 Paris Conference. TheDoha Conference enshrined the commitment of several industrialized countries in a second period of commitment to the Kyoto Protocol (2013-2020) and concluded the Bali Mandate.
The 2013 Warsaw Conference made a crucial step towards reaching a universal climate agreement in Paris in 2015: all States will have to communicate their “contributions” – the efforts they intend to undertake to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions – before the Paris Conference, for them to be assessed during the first half of 2015.